The study of melting process of the new plugging material at thermomechanical isolation technology of permeable horizons of mine opening
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The article presents the results of experimental and theoretical studies, the purpose of which was to substantiate the technology of drilling wells isolation using new thermoplastic composite material. The basis of the proposed material is gravel, and secondary polyethylene terephthalate acts as a binding material. The use of the proposed insulation material avoids a number of disadvantages specific for traditional grouting mortars. The technology of material application provides its melting in a well by thermomechanical drilling. The article deals with the issues, related to the substantiation of the optimal formulation of a thermoplastic composite material based on secondary polyethylene terephthalate, and the determination of rational operating parameters of thermomechanical drilling, which allow to melt effectively the material at the bottom of a well. The possibility of material application for the insulation of absorbing horizons in borehole conditions has been proved. Based on the analysis of the heat balance at the bottom of a well, the calculation procedure has been proposed and the dependences of the velocity and time of thermomechanical melting of the grouting thermoplastic composite material on the operating parameters of drilling, thermal properties and geometric characteristics of the drill bit, have been determined.