THE FOREST LAND RECLAMATION AFTER LIGNITE OPEN PIT MINING IN THE SOUTH OF UKRAINE
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Lignite mining in Kropyvnytsky region has been performed in the last few decades in Alexandria district in the watershed of the two rivers (Ingulets and Beska). Semenovske - Golodkywske mine is the pit associated with the open extraction of brown coal. Rocks located above the coal layer are carried to the earth's surface during the process of brown coal mining. These rocks are represented by loess-like loam, red-brown, quartz, glauconitic sands, kaolin and carbonaceous clays. The main method of restoring disturbed lands is the forestry reclamation. Standing timber is represented by pine, sucker, acacia, oak plantations, which are pure and mixed stand. They were formed due to the artificial cultivation of these trees.